Elements of the group (1A) in the periodic table are called alkali metals (alkaline metals) because they react with water forming alkaline solutions. My teacher said that . Why are the group one elements called alkali metals? asked 6 days ago in Chemistry by Maisa (43.5k points) s-block elements; Alkali metals. Elements of Group 2 are called. The alkali metals are so called because reaction with water forms alkalies (i.e., strong bases capable of neutralizing acids). Alkali metals are in Group 1 of the periodic table and all have 1 valence electron that they readily lose to become more stable. Group 1 elements are called alkali metals because their oxides are soluble in water and group 2 elements are called alkaline earth metals as their oxides form in the earth and are water soluble. Furthermore, why the elements of Group 1a are called alkali metals? These metals are called alkali metals because they form alkalies( i.e. The alkali metals are located in the first column of the periodic table and include all the elements in that column except for hydrogen. I was studying the periodic table. The elements of the 17th GROUP of the periodic table are called halogens. Sodium fires are not put off with water, because sodium reacts instantly with water and hydrogen gas evolves which burns with a pop sound by the effect of the heat of the reaction. Group1 elements are called alkali metals because the hydroxides of these elements are soluble in water and they are Basic(alkaline)in nature. Alkali metal, any of the six elements of Group 1 (Ia) of the periodic table—lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium. 2Na + 2H 2 O → 2NaOH + H 2 ↑. Transition Metals. Alkali metals include lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, and cesium. Group2 elements are called alkaline earth metals because their earths(old name for oxides) are basic (alkaline)manyof the group2 elements are extracted from the earth They are called as alkali metals because,in ancient times they called the metals which forms hydroxides as alkali metals 2K + 2H 2 O → 2KOH + H 2 ↑. Alkaline Earth Metals. Strong bases are called alkali Alkali metals. As you go from left to right across the periodic table, the elements go from _to _. The elements of the 1st GROUP of the periodic table are called alkali metals. Alkali metals are the elements of group 1 of the periodic table that when reacts with water, produces an alkaline solution, along with the release of hydrogen gas. 1st groups all the elememts like as H,Li, Na,K ,Rb,Cs are gets in earth so it is called alkali metals. Elements of Group 3-12 are called. Group 1 elements reacts with water it forms strong bases. 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