History of immigration The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand… The earliest outbound lists are from minor ports (ports other than Auckland or Wellington) and begin in 1886. Sponsored by MagellanTV - a new streaming service with 2,000+ documentaries worth watching. From New Zealand Yesteryears. Immigration. In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, an agreement between the British Crown and Maori. During this period, assisted immigration was managed by the provincial governments. Some other groups were: In the 1950s and 1960s more people were helped to migrate. The Skilled Migrant Category Expression of Interest (EOI) selection took place on Wednesday, 12 December 2018. In 1975 and again in 1987, New Zealand changed its immigration policies to admit people on the basis of their qualifications and not their race. Unless they were offered free travel or other rewards, many people were reluctant to emigrate. Te Ara, the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, provides great background detail on immigration in NewZealand. For millennia it lay totally undiscovered until ancestors of the Māori arrived. New Zealand is a land of great contrasts and diversity.Active volcanoes, spectacular caves, deep glacier lakes, verdant valleys, dazzling fjords, long sandy beaches, and the spectacular snowcapped peaks of the Southern Alps on the South Island—all contribute to New Zealand’s scenic beauty. Travellers with a criminal record are often unsure whether they can apply for a New Zealand eTA or visa.. Whilst New Zealand does have strict character requirements, having a past criminal conviction does not automatically prevent an individual from being granted entry to the country.. New Zealand is also home to the world’s only flightless parrot, the Kakapo. There is debate over the precise date and the number of vessels, but Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand refers to ocean-going waka (canoes) having journeyed during the 1200s from east Polynesia to land on New Zealand’s coast. This is the story of some of the 77,000 who came from Great Britain between 1947 and 1975 under the assisted immigration scheme. In the 1880s, a depression in New Zealand caused thousands of people to come to Victoria in search of work. During these years almost 250,000 people migrated to New Zealand and about 100,000 left, resulting in a net gain of almost 150,000 Probably two-thirds of the long-term migrants came direct … Home Culture and Society The piece below looks at the most significant period of migration in the 1870s. Some came because they had already reached Australia as convicts or settlers. The inbound passenger lists also include airplane arrivals in Auckland beginning in 1939 and continuing through 1965. Moving to another country is a big decision, especially when it means a long and dangerous journey. Most assisted immigrant records held in Wellington date from 1871 when central government began to sponsor immigrants. The first recorded ethnic Chinese in New Zealand were immigrants from the Guangdong province of China, who arrived during the 1850’s gold-rush era. By 1891, the population of New Zealand-born in Victoria was 12,026. Immigration to New Zealand U R G E O N I N G interest in genealogy and family history in recent years has been paralleled by a renewed interest in the sources and character of European and non-European migration to New Zealand from the late 18th century as shown by recent substantial publications, including D.H. Akenson’s Half the world Yet for them, New Zealand was the most distant place on earth. He was also the first person to attempt mapping the islands with his sketches of the North and South islands. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. This was the Skilled Migrant Category EOI first draw for 2019. Much of this increase was the result of immigration. You can also find out what you need to do to give immigration advice, and get information for medical professionals, carriers, and tourism and event organisations. Get your own criminal record from outside New Zealand. Until the Second World War most came from Britain. At the first New Zealand Day in 1974 there was a festival of New Zealand’s different ethnic communities. The proposed curriculum includes the arrival of Māori in New Zealand, early colonial history, immigration and colonisation of New Zealand and the Treaty of Waitangi -- … The journey by sea took 100 days, and voyagers endured rough seas, cramped conditions and illness. New Zealand’s immigrant stories over the last 200 years tell of people escaping a difficult past, or lured by promises of a better future. Visit us to find out how to apply for a visa or NZeTA, employ migrant workers, and assist students and refugees. Research family histories (external site link) There are also websites to help you do your own family history research. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. settlers (brought out by the New Zealand Company or its off-shoots) mainly from England and Scotland in the 1840s to settle in Wellington, Nelson, Wanganui, Taranaki, Canterbury and Otago, people given cheap tickets or offered free land by New Zealand provinces in the 1850s and 1860s. These included: Some also came as a result of war – soldiers brought out to fight in the New Zealand wars of the 1860s, or war brides who came with New Zealand soldiers who had fought overseas. New Zealand has become much more multicultural. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. Dalmatians, working the northern gumfields. There are various types of lists including both outbound and inbound passengers at the various port of New Zealand. Genealogy links (external site link) labourers, who arrived in the early 20th century, when New Zealand was prospering and Australia was in depression. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to discover New Zealand. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Welcome to the New Zealand Government’s official immigration website. Also includes travel within New Zealand ports. The records include about half the total number of immigrants in the period. In 1874 30,000 immigrants came into the country, the largest annual increase until 2002. © Crown Copyright. Immigration History from New Zealand to Victoria Since New Zealand was declared a British colony in 1840 there has been an ongoing exchange of people across the Tasman Sea. • King, M, 2003, The Penguin History of New Zealand, Penguin, Auckland Assisted immigration to the whole country 1870-88. Assisted Immigration to Canterbury 1855-70. Assisted immigration, 1947-75 New Zealand is a nation of immigrants. From the mid-1960s on, people began to come to New Zealand from Samoa, Tonga, the Cook Islands and other Pacific islands, attracted by work opportunities. The Māori people of Aotearoa (New Zealand) are descendants of Polynesian peoples who had arrived by 1300 AD. COVID-19 Information for travellers, student visa holders, and migrant workers. Wednesday, 12 December 2018. In 2006 about 67 out of 100 New Zealanders had an exclusively European background. This was the fifth consecutive year in which migration increased and the highest net gain ever recorded. History of New Zealand . more... Pre-1840 contact, Holidays and events, The arts and entertainment, Disasters, Transport, Health and welfare, Decade studies, Sport, Crime and punishment, Immigration, Lifestyle, Places, The great outdoors, Memorials, Political milestones, Protest and reform, Treaty of Waitangi, Maori leadership, Heads of State, Parliament and the people, The work of government, New Zealand in the world, New Zealand's internal wars, South African War, First World War, Second World War, Post Second World War, Other conflicts, Memorials, mascots and memorabilia, Contexts and activities, Skills, Historical concepts, Education at Pukeahu, Useful links, Interactives, Videos, Sounds, Photos, Site Information, Quizzes, Calendar, Biographies, Check out the links below to like us, follow us, and get the latest from NZHistory, All text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. The others had Māori, Pacific Island or Asian ancestors. In 1975 and again in 1987, New Zealand changed its immigration policies to admit people on the basis of their qualifications and not their race. Immigration New Zealand selected 1,080 EOIs (2,482 registrants) with a total of 160 total points or more. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The indigenous Maori population has its origins in the trans-oceanic migrations of Polynesian peoples 1,000 years ago. Many of the 19th century British and Irish migrants hailed from rural backgrounds, bringing with them their own languages, foods and cultural traditions. They included many Dutch and a larger number of English and Scots. Dairy farmers produce a whopping 100 kg of butter and 65 kg of cheese each year, for each person who lives in New Zealand! This is the story of some of the 77,000 who came from Great Britain between 1947 and 1975 under the assisted immigration scheme. They in turn were undisturbed for around 500 years, when Europeans first began taking an interest. Shipping @ New Zealand Yesteryears Has over 2000 passenger lists including immigrants to New Zealand from the United Kingdom and Australia. New Zealand experienced a net gain of 72,300 permanent and long-term migrants in 2016/17, which was 4.7% more than in 2015/16. Due to this historical influx, there is still a distinct Chinese community in the South Island city of Dunedin. Only those from Canterbury have survived. This manuscript represents a fuller version of the findings which are published in Jock Phillips & Terry Hearn's book, Settlers: Immigrants to New Zealand from England, Scotland and Ireland, 1800-1945 (Auckland University Press). If you’re overseas and need your criminal record (criminal conviction history) you must fill in and send us this form: Get your criminal conviction history from outside of New Zealand form [PDF, 253 KB] You must also send us a copy of your valid identification (ID). Who were the ancestors of Pakeha New Zealand? Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Those who went the extra distance across the Tasman Sea included: Others came because they received assisted or free travel on ships from Britain and Ireland. For 1840-1880s our Wellington archive holds records of government-assisted immigrants only, mostly ship passenger lists. It is often said that New Zealand is a "country of immigrants." Jock Phillips, 'History of immigration', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/history-of-immigration (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by Jock Phillips, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 1 Aug 2015. Find statistics that count and describe movements of people into and out of New Zealand (international migration), and within the country (internal migration). From the mid-1960s on, people began to come to New Zealand from Samoa, Tonga, the Cook Islands and other Pacific islands, attracted by work opportunities. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. British immigration and the New Zealand Company, Settlement in the provinces: 1853 to 1870, Assisted immigration revives: 1946 to 1975, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence, whalers and sealers, New Zealand’s earliest non-Māori settlers, gold miners, who often came from the goldfields of Victoria to Otago and the West Coast in the 1860s. Australia and New Zealand's history is linked as far back at 1788 and trans-Tasman migration began a little later with whalers and sealers, often with convict crew, from Sydney. April – The New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement was signed. For over 150 years after 1800, most people who migrated to New Zealand were from Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) and Ireland. Maori comprised around 14 percent of New Zealand's total population of 3.8 million in 2002. Request an NZeTA (New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority) ... History of EOI selection points Expressions of Interest submitted under the Skilled Migrant Category are entered into the Expression of Interest Pool. In 1769, Captain James Cook reached the islands and became the first European to land on them. The history of New Zealand dates back approximately 700 years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture.Like other Pacific cultures, Māori society was centred on kinship links and connection with the land but, unlike them, it was adapted to a cool, temperate environment rather than a warm, tropical one. From the 1840s until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants, and all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. New Zealand's Immigration History (1867 - 2019)This video shows foreign born immigrants in New Zealand from 1867 to 2019. Since then there has been a large flow of immigrants from Asia, and some from Africa. Scandinavians, who settled in ManawatÅ« and Hawke’s Bay in the 1870s. The manuscript was originally prepared by Terry Hearn and then revised by Jock Phillips. New Zealand has a fascinating if relatively short history. It differs from Settlers in that it presents the history of British and Irish immigration to New Zealand chronologically, and it includes many more detailed findings on particular immigration flows an… March – A new policy took effect whereby transit visas were required for all travel via New Zealand, regardless of where the traveller came from or their destination, unless that person was specifically exempted by New Zealand’s immigration policy. New Zealand pre-1840. The New Zealand Company, Plymouth Company, Otago Association, Canterbury Association, provincial, and central government schemes all assisted migrants to New Zealand. New Zealand also has a unique array of vegetation and animal life, much of which developed … You can use the National Library’s resources to research your family’s history. There are no restrictions on the movement of freight. more... New Zealand is a nation of immigrants. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire. COVID-19 update 19 January 2021: New Zealand is currently at Alert Level 1.Travel restrictions are in place at the border. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. people recruited and given cheap fares by the New Zealand government in the 1870s, early 1880s, and before and after the First World War. 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