[4] A fuller consideration of this epitaph, and the sarcophagus, can now be found at P. Stephenson, 'The tomb of Basil II', in: Zwischen Polis, Provinz und Peripherie. The lot of ordinary folk in Constantinople must have been pleasant enough. (211). For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. autokrator of the earth and senior emperor. [4] A fuller consideration of this epitaph, and the sarcophagus, can now be found at P. Stephenson, 'The tomb of Basil II', in: Zwischen Polis, Provinz und Peripherie. The astonishing thing about the Macedonian dynasty was that its greatest emperors were actually pretenders, men without blood ties to the throne who claimed that they were “protecting” the interests of the legitimate heirs. The Empress Theophano, wife of Romanos, acted as their regent and married the general Nikephoros Phokas, who became Emperor Nikephoras II. Last modified November 09, 2017. Basil II was to be buried in a sarcophagus in the ‘Church of the Holy Apostles’ in Constantinople, but he had earlier asked to be buried in a simpler tomb, in the ‘Church of St. John the Theologian’ at the ‘Hebdomon Palace’ complex, located away from the city. His approach to warfare is here described by the historian J. J. Norwich: Success for Basil depended on faultless organisation. The rebel army was routed, and three commanders were each given a uniquely tailored death: hanged, crucified, and impaled. Pages in category "Basil II" The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total. Bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus with cross, pallium and colobium/Facing busts of Basil with short beard (on left) and Constantine beardless (on right) holding between them long patriarchal cross Ex. The emperor, remembering his defeat to Samuel, carried the Byzantine tradition of mutilating the enemy to the extreme and blinded his captives, sending them back to their leader in groups of 100, each led by a one-eyed guide. The Menologion of Basil II (976-1025) exemplifies the first systematic association of saints with specific locations. Basil II, who ruled four generations after the first Basil (the Macedonian), is commemorated on many streets in Greek cities as ‘Voulgaroktonos’ (Bulgar-slayer). Cartwright, M. (2017, November 09). The maphrianate of the East was administered by Matthew until his death in September 1727. and along with them the Abasgian, Ishmael, the Arab, the Iberian. He had almost doubled the empire which now "stretched from Crete to the Crimea, and from the Straits of Messina and the River Danube to the Araxes, Euphrates, and Orontes rivers" (Mango, 80) or, to put it another way, Byzantium was now "a superpower on two continents" (ibid, 176). She explains how the extant sources make unmasking the political realities of this period so difficult, and demonstrates that a convincing picture of Basil's reign only emerges when these sources are understood in their original contexts. His final resting place carried the following inscription: From the day that the King of Heaven called upon me to become the Emperor, the great overlord of the world, no one saw my spear lie idle. Asdracha, Inscr. Obverse: Inscription: IhSXRSREXREGNANTIhM. Immediate Family: Son of Romanos II, Byzantine Emperor and Theophano. from when the King of Heavens called me His … He was born in 958 AD, and was the son of the Emperor Romanos More importantly for the state, the larger landowners often avoided tax or were simply given exemptions. His complete subjugation of the Bulgarian state earned him the epithet "Bulgar-Slayer" by later generations. Basil proved more generous with his new subjects than their army. Basil presided over a Byzantium which was the superpower of the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East in the century before the Crusades. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Subsequent rulers failed to hold the wealth and land that Basil gained during his fifty-year rule. Every purchase of a 2-year plan will get you 4 additional months free. These qualities, along with his dour nature, abruptness, and quick temper, combined with a complete lack of trust in anyone, unsurprisingly, did not foster much love and admiration from his subjects. But I, Basil, born to the purple, Basil II. Basil II (aka Basilius II) was the emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 976 to 1025 CE. Basil Matthew II was the Maphrian of the East and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church of the East from 1713 until his death in 1727.. Yet the … The consequences of the defeat at Trajan’s Gate were the further expansion of Samuel’s kingdom into Byzantine lands and the encouragement of two rebellions back home led by Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas (him again) respectively. He crushed rebellions, subdued the feudal landowners, conquered the enemies of the Empire, notably in the Danubian provinces and the East. Unfortunately, Basil’s empire wouldn’t last. Verses funereal on the tomb of lord (kyr) Basil the Bulgar-slayer and emperor (basileus). The army must act as a single, perfectly coordinated body. License. The adoption of Christianity and its promotion by St Vladimir, as he would become, was a momentous action of long-lasting consequence for the Russian peoples. After some limited resistance led by Samuel’s sons, ultimately, the Bulgar lands were incorporated into the blossoming Byzantine Empire, and Basil marched victorious into Serdica in 1018 CE. Basil sought to further consolidate his rule by reducing the ever-increasing power of the landed aristocracy and monasteries. The question of whether archaeologists have been successful in discovering bodies of Roman Emperors is equally as interesting as charming. —Inscription on the tomb of Basil II. Byzantine Empire, 1025 CEby Necropotame (CC BY-SA). Plik Histamenon of Basil II and Constantino VIII, 977–989(? He became known as the Bulgar-Slayer (Bulgaroktonos) for his exploits in conquering ancient Bulgaria, sweet revenge for his infamous defeat at Trajan’s Gate. The long reign of the Byzantine Emperor Basil II (976-1025) saw continuous warfare in both East (against the Arabs) and West (against the Bulgarians). There seemed to be a lack of the razzmatazz that one would expect from an emperor - no lavish parties, fine robes or flashy rings; even when he did wear the purple robes of his office, they were of a duller shade than they might have been. Epitaph on the tomb of Basil II The long reign of the Byzantine Emperor Basil II (976–1025) saw continuous warfare in both East (against the Arabs) and West (against the Bulgarians). There was a price for the assistance from Kiev, and it came in the form of Basil promising that his sister Anna would marry Vladimir, on condition that the latter agreed to be baptised. The general John Tzimiskes then made himself emperor and banished Theophano to a monastery in the same year. Bust of Christ Pantokrator. and I sabbatize from the endless toils Other kings of old, other Wild Success and Deplorable Failure: The Cursed … As maphrian, Iyawannis assumed the name Baselios Matthew II. He shunned fine living and was not much interested in literature; in many ways, he lived the life of an austere monk. The treasury was overflowing with the accumulated plunder of Basil’s campaigns. 801, fol. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Basil II’s early life played out like a Shakespearean play. The Menologion of Basil II (also called Menologium of Basil II, Menology of Basil II) is an illuminated manuscript designed as a church calendar or Eastern Orthodox Church service book that was compiled c. 1000 AD, for the Byzantine Emperor Basil II (r. 976–1025). His complete subjugation of the Bulgarian state earned him the epithet "Bulgar-Slayer" by later generations. settling countless trophies all over the earth. Everywhere the might of Roman arms was respected and feared. ).jpg znajduje się w Wikimedia Commons – repozytorium wolnych zasobów. Basil's II, Denmark: See 49 unbiased reviews of Basil's II, rated 4.5 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #2 of 13 restaurants in Denmark. "Basil II." Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. Basil II: A Bulgar-Slayer or a True-Born Bulgarian? Byzantine Empire or the East Roman Empire from Constantine the Great... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. place my tomb on the site of Hebdomon He was also a successful military commander and skilled diplomat. Byzantium led by Basil II is a custom civilization mod by Enigma_Conundrum, with contributions from Chrisy15, DarthKyofu, TophatPaladin, JFD and Regalman. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Basil kept on campaigning to the end, with more successful adventures in Georgian Iberia and Armenia in 1021-22 CE, where he captured Vaspurkan. when I marched bravely to the West (Hesperia), Basil came up with the simple idea that the large landowners, or dynatoi as they were known, pay the tax arrears of the poor. Over 15,000 of the enemy army were captured. Building Heroons is a very old practice which dates from ancient Greece and Rome. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his ancestor Basil I the Macedonian,. Basil was certainly a pious man and was known to carry a statue of the Virgin in battle. The emperor was now ready to concentrate all his efforts on ruling alone and magnificently, not even marriage or family were allowed to distract him. καὶ νῦν ὁρῶν, ἄνθρωπε, τόνδε τὸν τάφον Other kings of old, other burial places for themselves ordained, But I, Basil, born to the purple, place my tomb on the site of Hebdomon and I sabbatize from the endless toils which I accepted in battles, and which I endured. This force would come in handy in the second half of his reign. Basil II (aka Basilius II) was the emperor of the Byzantine empire from 976 to 1025 CE. With all of his conquests, in Greece, the Balkans, Syria, Mesopotamia, Italy, and Bulgaria, he doubled the size of the Byzantine Empire. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. He was a porphyrogennetos ("born into the purple"), as were his father Romanos II and his grandfather Constantine VII; this was the appellation used for children who were born to a reigning emperor. Epitaph on the tomb of Basil II. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. A true soldier-emperor, Basil led most of these campaigns himself, something reflected in his epitaph. Web. This is the first book-length study in English of the Byzantine emperor Basil II, the "Bulgar-slayer." Basil II, byname Basil Bulgaroctonus (Greek: Basil, Slayer of the Bulgars), (born 957/958—died Dec. 15, 1025), Byzantine emperor (976–1025), who extended imperial rule in the Balkans (notably Bulgaria), Mesopotamia, Georgia, and Armenia and increased his domestic authority by attacking the powerful landed interests of the military aristocracy and of the church. Basil II, third son and successor to Basil I (two elder sons of the latter died in childhood), ascended the Muscovite throne at the age of ten. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. BASIL II (1415 – 1462), grand prince of Moscow from 1425 to 1462 (with intervals).. Basil Lekapenos, also called Basil the Parakoimomenos or Basil the Nothos, was an illegitimate child of the Byzantine emperor Romanos I Lekapenos. 3 Women at the Tomb, ivory plaque from Rome, London, British Museum, c. 380-450. The long reign of the Byzantine Emperor Basil II (976–1025) saw continuous warfare in both East (against the Arabs) and West (against the Bulgarians). Another strategy to further centralise power was to permit payment instead of military service in the provinces, greatly reducing the manpower of local leaders. With a tight hold on Byzantine purse strings and a private army of giant Vikings, Basil got the better of at least two significant usurpers for his throne, reconquered Greece and all of the Balkans, won victories in Syria and doubled the size of the empire. Basil II reigned for a long time, from 976 to 1025. εὐχαῖς ἀμείβου τὰς ἐμὰς στρατηγίας. Place of Burial: Byzantine Empire. Birth and childhood Discoveries are being made continually at Perperikon. Before these plans could come to fruition, though, Basil died on the 13th or 15th of December 1025 CE. Basel II is the second set of international banking regulations defined by the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision (BCBS). Basil prevailed, despite some initial defeats to Skleros in Asia Minor, and was greatly helped by his namesake chief administrator, the gifted eunuch Basil Lecapenus, the parakoimomenos (emperor’s chamberlain). Basil, fortunately, could call on the help of Vladimir I of Kiev (r. 980-1015 CE), whose force of 6,000 Vikings bolstered his naval force and assured that the emperor restored order by 989 CE. Dane z jego strony opisu znajdują się poniżej. His paternal ancestry is of uncertain origins, his putative ancestor Basil I, the founder of the dynasty, being variously attributed as Armenian, Slavic, or Greek. "Catherine Holmes considers the problems inherent in governing such a large, multi-ethnic empire, and the solutions that Basil adopted. He was a strong (even autocratic) ruler with an iron will. Basil was born in 958 AD to Emperor Romanos II and his second wife, Theophano. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his supposed ancestor, Basil I the Macedonian. During Basil's reign, Byzantine political authority extended from southern Italy to the Euphrates. Basil’s near-50-year reign had ensured the Byzantine Empire was at its very zenith, as the historian E. R. A. Sewter here explains in his introduction to his translation of the emperor’s biography by Psellus: Basil had devoted all his energies to the business of ruling; he had never married, spent most of his time on or near the frontiers, developed a war-machine of terrifying efficiency, coveted autocracy, but despised its outward symbols. Brother of Constantine VIII, … The emperor should have been buried in a splendid sarcophagus waiting for him alongside his predecessors in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople, but Basil preferred a more simple tomb in a smaller church outside the city. burial places for themselves ordained, G.& N. … Under his reign, the Byzantine Empire reached its greatest height in nearly five centuries. Biography. Cartwright, Mark. A true soldier-emperor, Basil led most of these campaigns himself, something reflected in his epitaph. Basil presided over a Byzantium which was the superpower of the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East in the century before the Crusades. The emperor’s army of 60,000 had already suffered an ignominious episode in their failed siege of the Bulgar capital Serdica (Sofia) but now it was wiped out, the colours lost, and Basil forced to flee back to Constantinople. His men complained about their master’s endless inspections; but they gave him their trust because they knew that he never undertook an operation until he was certain of victory. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. guarding the children of New Rome Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Vasileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. Basil’s main focus, though, was the west and revenge on the Bulgars. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Basil_II/. Emmanuel Moutafov Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Cod. Books NOTE: The information regarding Basil Tomb in Egypt on this page is published from the data supplied by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, a member of the Intelligence community of the United States of America, and a Department of Defense (DoD) Combat Support Agency. στίχοι ἐπιτάφιοι εἰς τὸν τάφον κυροῦ Βασιλείου τοῦ Βουλγαροκτόνου καὶ βασιλέως. Both these groups were expanding their landed interests at the expense of the poorer peasantry, either by purchase or conquest. Other kings of old, other burial places for themselves ordained, But I, Basil, born to the purple, place my tomb on the site of Hebdomon and I sabbatize from the endless toils which I accepted in battles, and which I endured. Basil II was one of the greatest Emperors of Byzantium. The horrors and mass slaughters that many monarchs around the world perpetrated in ancient and more modern times may be eclipsed by the Byzantines, including Byzantine Emperor Basil II, known as Slayer of the Bulgars. When Tzimiskes died of illness in 976 CE, Basil took his rightful place on the throne of the Byzantine Empire. 12 Jan 2021. Basil, born in 958 CE, was the son of Emperor Romanos II of the Macedonian Dynasty, and when his father died, Basil, aged just five, and his younger brother Constantine jointly inherited the throne. He had a brother named Isaac. Actually I've read in a book about Basil's II tomb.It was mentioned that his skeleton was founded by some Michael Palaiologu's soldiers (reconquer of Constantinopole) upright into the tomb hanging a fervidly.The tomb was into a church in the seventh hill of the city.The Emperor was informed immediately and he ordered to put the skeleton into a new preened coffin .The day before he entered Constantinopole, he slept next to the coffin.After that Basil … To make sure that both of his sons were treated equally, Romanos crowned Basil and his brother Constantine VIII co-emperors of … Indeed the biological father of Leo VI the Wise (Basil IIs great-grandfather) was possibly not Basil I, but Michael III. The emperor then settled on a long-term policy of hurting the Arabs in their pockets by restricting all trade with the caliph. here is Basil II's epitaph " Verses funereal on the tomb of lord Basil the Bulgar-slayer and emperor . It marked the high water point in the medieval history of Byzantium. Basil II – also known as Basil Porphyrogenita (“born in the purple”) and Basil Bulogaroctonus (“slayer of the Bulgars”) – was born eldest son to the Byzantine emperor Romanos II in 958 AD, and himself reigned as emperor from 976 to 1025. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Epitaph of Basil II on his sarcophagus at the church of San Juan Evangelist in Hebdomon as recorded in late eastern Roman manuscripts: Others of the old kings An old man in the holy land, But I, Basil, a … Basil himself led a victory in northern Syria in 995 CE when his army had arrived in super-quick time out of nowhere because Basil had issued each man with two mules, one for himself and one for his baggage. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article And now, good man, looking upon this tomb reward it with prayers in return for my campaigns. Martin (Menologion of Basil II).jpg 1,055 × 735; 552 KB Master of James IV of Scotland (Flemish, before 1465 - about 1541) - Office of the Dead - Google Art Project.jpg 3,065 × 4,561; 4.13 MB Master of the Llangattock Hours - Office of the Dead - Google Art Project.jpg 3,067 × 4,559; 6.04 MB He ascended the throne when he was 18-years-old and died 49 years later. A true soldier-emperor, Basil led most of these campaigns himself, something reflected in his epitaph. Basil the eunuch was exiled in 985 CE. Fig. Ancient History Encyclopedia. With Basil having no children, the title of emperor resorted back to his brother Constantine, who ruled as Constantine VIII from 1025 to 1028 CE, and his daughters Zoe and Theodora. Basil II is generally considered to be one of the greatest Emperors of Byzantium and has been glorified as the Bulgar-Slayer for his military victories over the Bulgarians. And now, man, looking upon this tomb It brought Bulgaria within the Byzantine political sphere. Basil II (958 – December 15, 1025), was a Byzantine emperor from the Macedonian dynasty from January 10, 976 to December 15, 1025. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Even the lamp of learning, despite the emperor’s known indifference, was burning still, if somewhat dimly. Special Black Friday deal! Under his reign, the Byzantine Empire reached its greatest height since Justinian the Great . Samuel was said to have died of a shock-induced stroke shortly after receiving this ominous sign of Basil’s pitiless wrath. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. The Empress Theophano, wife of Romanos, acted as their regent and married the general Nikephoros Phokas, who became Emperor Nikephoras II. Basil II, Bulgaroktonos & Constantine VIII 976-1025, AV histamenon nomisma (4,38 g). His territories stretched even into Mesopotamia and were consolidated by dividing the conquered regions into new provinces of the empire. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his supposed ancestor, Basil I the Macedonian.. Epitaph of Basil II on his sarcophagus at the church of San Juan Evangelist in Hebdomon as recorded in late eastern Roman manuscripts: Others of the old kings An old man in the holy land, But I, Basil, a … Sofia, 07.10.2014. Ambros. Italy, too, was reorganised, and a campaign was prepared to once more face the Arabs, this time in their last stronghold in the West, Sicily. The 24-carat halcyon days of Basil II would, alas, never be repeated. The young Basil was not a particularly fine physical specimen, although he was skilful at riding a horse. Father of Daugter of Basilus II Rurikid, Byzantine Princess. The unpleasant memory of Trajan’s Gate was finally erased. This mod requires Brave New World. The emperor was relentless, and after years of campaigns in both summer and winter, he won back Greece for Byzantium (997 CE), and then Pliska (1000 CE), Skopje (1004 CE) and Dyracchion (c. 1005 CE), amongst many other cities. Basil II then had to foil another coup, this time involving his disloyal and corrupt chamberlain, which attempted to make Bardas Phokas, an aristocratic clan leader, emperor. The Prophet had discovered the Divine Source, an object that granted immortality, and leverage… He kept taxes low - allowing payment in kind instead of the usual gold, allowed certain provinces to remain under local, princely rule, gave certain nobles high office within the empire, and permitted the Bulgarian Church to remain independent from Constantinople with the only proviso that Basil select the archbishop. Basil’s immediate problem on gaining the throne was to quash a rebellion led by the aristocrat Bardas Skleros, a general who was keen to continue in the privileged position he had enjoyed under previous emperors. In warfare, too, Basil’s campaigns, for all their success, were resolute rather than dashing, but his adroit skills of empire management would earn him respect from his people and fear from his enemies. He became known as the Bulgar-Slayer ( Bulgaroktonos) for his exploits in conquering ancient Bulgaria, sweet revenge for his infamous defeat at Trajan ’s Gate. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – December 15, 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from January 10, 976 to December 15, 1025. For nobody saw my spear at rest, The emperor would have to wait 28 years to gain his revenge, although when it came it would be total. I stayed alert throughout my life and protected the children of the New Rome, valiantly campaigning both in the West and at the outposts of the East…O, man, seeing now my tomb here, reward me for my campaigns with your prayers. Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄ Βουλγαροκτόνος, Basileios II Boulgaroktonos) (958 – December 15, 1025) was Byzantine emperor from January 10, 976 to December 15, 1025. The Varangian Guard: Berserkers of the Byzantine Empire 3. Trivia [edit | edit source] There were two mausoleums - Heroons - at the Church of the Holy Apostles. (AD 47/48A) 310,102, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epitaph_on_the_tomb_of_Basil_II&oldid=976008437, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 17:31. The long reign of the Byzantine Emperor Basil II (976-1025) saw continuous warfare in both East (against the Arabs) and West (against the Bulgarians). Basil was the son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano, whose maternal family was of Laconian Greek origin from the Peloponnesian region of Laconia, possibly from the city of Sparta. Basil, born in 958 CE, was the son of Emperor Romanos II of the Macedonian dynasty, and when his father died, Basil, aged just five, and his younger brother Constantine jointly inherited the throne. Basil II in Triumphby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). The once-great empire’s fortunes would wain, with none more tangible and symbolic an indicator than the ever-dwindling gold content of Byzantine coins. which I accepted in battles, and which I endured. Adoration of the Magi (Menologion of Basil II) page.jpg 1,828 × 2,389; 554 KB Adoration of the Magi (Menologion of Basil II).jpg 1,204 × 832; 592 KB Agapitus the Confessor and Wonder-worker, Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia.jpeg 1,515 × 1,699; 809 KB This was the greatest treasury reserve in Byzantium since the reign of the sixth century Emperor Anastasius, a time when Byzantium still held the rich provinces of Syria and Egypt. but remaining vigilant through the whole span of my life Basil II Verses funereal on the tomb of lord Basil the Bulgar-slayer and Basileus. Monasticism, that is individuals devoting themselves to an ascetic... Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire involved the Christian faithful... Trade and commerce were essential components of the success and... 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Abasgos, Ismael, Araps, Iber of Trajan ’ s Empire wouldn ’ t last birth and Basil. 4 additional months free could come to fruition, though, was an illegitimate child of the East Roman from... Ii had accumulated 200,000 talents of gold more importantly for the state, the Empire, CEby. For the state, the Bulgar-slayer and Basileus you 4 additional months free December 969 CE 1462 ), prince... Araps, Iber the 24-carat halcyon days of Basil II and Constantino VIII, 977–989?. East was administered by matthew until his death, Basil led most of these campaigns himself, something reflected his... Ambitious Fatimids some Rights Reserved ( 2009-2021 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Basil more. Acted as their regent and married the general John Tzimiskes then made himself emperor in 987.!
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